ALMOND
(Prunus amygdalus)

In Jordan the maximum surface of cultivation of almond was reached in 1967 with 3,130 Ha, but at that time the yield was lower (from 1.2 to 3 ton/Ha according with FAOSTAT data) than the current one. According with the Jordanian Department of Statistic, in 2019 were cultivated almond in 363 Ha with a production of 1,409 tons (3.9 ton/Ha), while in 2010, similar surface was cultivated (313 Ha) with a production of 2,419 tons (7.7 ton/Ha). More than 50% of the Almond production is concentrated in Irbid Governorates.

According with FOSTAT data, Jordan has imported in 2019 about 4,520 tons of Almond (mainly from California) and has exported only about 130 tons. Elaborating these data, it appears that the internal consumption of Almond in 2019 was about 6,000 tons (about 3.5 times the Country production). Great part of the national consumption (as well as in other neighbor Countries) is done during the spring eating the almond at the green stage (immature almond). However, other part of the consumption is done at the mature stage of the fruit or processed in “confetti” (also called Jordan almond favors).